What’s Playing in the Studio? Elementary!

March 22nd, 2007 | Posted in General

What fictional character has been portrayed most often in film? Tarzan? James Bond? Adam Sandler? Sherlock Holmes, the great 18th century fictional detective holds that title by a landslide. More than 75 different actors have portrayed Holmes, in well over 200 movies.

Holmes was the creation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, an author of novels, short stories and poetry from Scotland. Born in 1859, Conan Doyle led a very interesting life. He was many things including a student of medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where some of his fellow classmates included Robert Louis Stevenson and James Barrie. He served as a ship’s physician on the West African coast and practiced medicine in Plymouth. His talent for storytelling, which was nurtured by his mother, began to surface as he began to write as a sideline to his doctoring. After a near death experience he left the medical practice entirely to write full time. A more complete (but still brief) biography can be found here and here. Although a very prolific writer, with many novels including historical books, mysteries, war stories and even other literary heroes like Professor Challenger, Conan Doyle will always be remembered chiefly for Sherlock Holmes.

That would probably not make Conan Doyle very happy. He is famous for his disenchantment and dislike for the Holmes character, with many legends saying he hated Holmes. He has been credited as saying the felt the Holmes stories to be commercial trash, taking time away from his more important works. He tried to kill Holmes off at one point, only to have to acquiesce to a demanding public and resurrect him for further adventures. Most of the Holmes stories were published in a British magazine called The Strand, and the great detectives adventure’s were a smash success both in Europe and America. Conan Doyle wrote 60 Holmes stories in all, 56 short stories and four novels. The first, in which Holmes and Dr. John Watson meet and have their first adventure, was published in 1887 and called A Study in Scarlet. In 1893 the short story The Final Problem, in which Holmes dies going over Reichenbach Falls with his mortal enemy, Professor Moriarty, appeared in The Strand. Legend has it 20,000 angry subscribers canceled their subscriptions as a result. After his return Conan Doyle continued his Holmes work until the final story of The Retired Colourman in 1926. Conan Doyle died in 1930.

I’ve got a great number of the Holmes mysteries on audiobook, and lately I’ve been listening to them while working in the studio. Like in the movies, the Holmes stories have been published in countless editions and compilations. The novels, A Study in Scarlet, The Sign of the Four, The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Valley of Fear often appear separate but are also found in various compilations, often abridged. The complete original 60 Conan Doyle stories can be found in print in the four novels and five collections: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, The Return of Sherlock Holmes, His Last Bow and The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes. Unfortunately for the audiobook listener it’s not that easy. Collections like A Treasury of Sherlock Holmes and The Sherlock Holmes Collection seem to throw the stories in with no rhyme or reason, often even repeating the same story amid different volumes of the same collection. In 2004, a company called “One Voice Recordings” produced The Sherlock Holmes Collection on audiobook, with narrator David Ian Davies. Davies does an excellent job with Holmes and Watson as well as the other characters. You would think recordings produced in 2004 would be of good quality, but some sound like very old radio broadcasts… tinny and hollow (not Ian Davie’s readings, they are quite well produced, but others), with many obvious dubs where the character voices change dramatically in mid narrative. The audio seems to speed up and slow down here and there as well. Very distracting. Someone need to produce a complete, chronological Sherlock Holmes collection on audiobook, with good quality recordings.

That aside, the Conan Doyle stories hold up remarkably well for many being over 100 years old. The mysteries are not dated and many could still be imagined to happen in some form or fashion today. So inventive and innovative was Conan Doyle’s Holmes that he, along with Edgar Allen Poe‘s character Dupin, changed crime literature forever. It’s a treat to listen to the stories, and they are mostly short and easy therefore to stop and pick up again later.

It’s easy for me to believe Conan Doyle detested Holmes and felt he was a chain around his neck, as there are many indications in his stories that he wanted to end the tales. In the very first story he wrote he married off Watson at the end, and portrayed Holmes as an egotistical jerk looking mainly to make money with his skills. Later Holmes would become more the selfless hero, but in the beginning he was selfish and seeking fame and fortune. Clearly Conan Doyle did not mean there to be continuing adventures. Even after he killed Holmes off and brought him back, there were lot of signs he did not want to continue with the character. He wrote several stories where Holmes had left London and was retired in the country raising bees… trying to put him to pasture. He also tried to distance himself in the novel The Valley of Fear, where a great deal of the story doesn’t concern Holmes at all, but is more in the line of his historical type stories, much to the chagrin of his readers. While still worth reading (or listening to), these later stories don’t have the same exciting grip as the ones where Holmes and Watson languish in 221B Baker Street, solving the puzzles of the world from armchairs amid clouds of tobacco, occasionally sallying forth to catch the scoundrels and villains of London red-handed by gaslight.

Sadly I cannot recommend any specific audiobooks of Holmes’ adventure, as I have not found any with the production values and organization worth recommending. I DO recommend the stories, however. Timeless and enjoyable.


  1. Scott says:

    Great blog. And a nice entry about Holmes. Allow me to recommend a set of audio dramatizations of the Canon. While they are not audiobooks (i.e., not read directly from the page), they are incredibly faithful and well done and they make the listener really want to go read the stories.

    I’m referring to the BBC Radio’s Sherlock Holmes series with Clive Merrison as Homes and Michael Williams as Watson. Bert Coules was the head writer as all 60 stories were dramatized. I can’t recommend the set highly enough.

    Now, with regard to a couple of your points above: I don’t recall Holmes talking about the true identity of Moriarty in His Last Bow. And with regard to The Valley of Fear not involving Holmes for a good deal, the same could be said for any of the other three novels in the Canon – A Study in Scarlet, The Sign of Four, and The Hound of the Baskervilles (although less so in this one).

    I agree that the stories have held up remarkably well and I hope they’ll continue to do so. We need to encourage the younger readers to discover Holmes. If you’re not already aware, the Baker Street Irregulars have been publishing the Baker Street Journal since 1946. It too has held up remarkably well.

    Keep up the great work.

  2. Tom says:

    Scott- Thanks for the recommendation! I will seek out these recordings.

    Thanks for correcting me about “The Last Bow”. That’s the problem with some of these audiobooks… you hear the title of the story once and that’s it. “His Last Bow” was the war story where Holmes impersonates a spy in order to set a trap for another. I was referring to the story “Reichenbach Secret”, which is in my audiobook “The Sherlock Holmes Collection”. Come to find out that is NOT a Conan Doyle story but one by David Stuart Davies. I removed that bit in the post.

    With regards to the novels… I actually have only heard “The Hound of the Baskervilles” in it’s unabridged form. The others were abridged for audiobook and the lengthy parts detailing parts of the story outside Holmes’ involvement were cut entirely. I read that bit of information on a Conan Doyle website.

    I see there is also a new set of recordings on Audible of each of the collected works in their proper organization with Walter Covell narrating. I may try one of those as well and review it here.

    I am far from an expert on Holmes, having not read all the “Canon” and some of the tales I’ve only listened to on audiobook. Still Holmes is a favorite of mine and I hope to get the time to read all the Conan Doyle stories. Thanks for the reply.

  3. spinner880 says:

    Tom, if you’re looking to read the entire canon, I recommend The Complete Sherlock Holmes volumes 1 and 2 from Barnes & Noble Classics. Two 700ish page paperbacks, $7.95 each, they’re fairly easy to purchase and place on your bookshelf for when the urge strikes.

    I’ve never listened to any Holmes on audiobooks, so I can’t make an recommendations there. But I have recently been listening to Wodehouse on audiobook, and can highly recommend any P.G. Wodehouse read by Jonathan Cecil. The Code of the Woosters is particulary good, as is Uncle Fred in the Springtime. They should make your work days fly by.

  4. grthomas says:


    Great Blog. Thanks for the wonderful posts.

    I recently ran across several of the old Sherlock Holmes old radio recordings on archive.org:

    Run a search and I’m sure you can find more.

    The old Superman raido serials might also be of interest to you:

  5. Tom says:

    Thanks for the comments and recommendation, gentlemen.

  6. jancolors says:

    Hi, Tom! I am late to this comment because I only just found you through DRAWN!

    I will subscribe to your blog now!

    As for good books to listen to, I would think you’d like the selection at Audible.com. I found this fantasy/mystery series of a crazy character named Thursday Next to be irresistible!


    Give it a listen!

    I have to admit that talk radio shows on Air America and Jones Network do make up a lot of my day, but I do love a good audiobook!

    Best regards and thanks for the tutorial!


New profile pic courtesy of my self-caricature for the Scott Maiko penned article “Gotcha! Mug Shots of Common (but Despicable) Criminals” from MAD 550

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